Autumn flowering self-seeders

Cyclamen hederafolium gently drifting itself in a most rewarding fashion

Over the years, we have tried growing any and all of the cyclamen species we could find. I see there are 23 species but we wouldn’t have had that number available to us. Most of them come from dry parts of Europe and North Africa, often with cold, dry winters – conditions that could not be further from ours. This is why we have only ever succeeded in naturalising three different species. Coum is our winter cyclamen, repandum in spring but it is the carpets of hederafolium that are delighting me in autumn.

Cyclamen grow from round, flattish discs that start tiny but can get steadily larger over the years. This is just one tuber, about the size of a saucer, with a big show-off display of flowers.

We didn’t plant all these hederafolium in pretty pink and white. We probably started this area with maybe three or four tubers but, over time, they have gently spread. That is what I mean by naturalising. We have them growing in cultivated conditions all through the rockery and in other garden beds and also growing in grass in the park meadow. I thought this drifting area was interesting because of the conditions where they have spread and the showy display they make.

For context, this is the wider view of the drift of cyclamen in the top photo. That ground is never fed and never watered so is very poor and dry but cyclamen are adapted to such conditions

They are growing in extremely poor ground, bone-dry and bereft of goodness because the enormous rimu trees suck up all the available moisture. There is also a natural carpet of rimu needles covering them. But, there is no competition from other bulbs or shade loving perennials. This means they never get swamped or crowded out by other plants or so wet in the shade that the tubers rot when dormant. And when the seed spreads, it has a fair chance of germinating and growing because the whole area is largely left undisturbed. Hederafolium sets seed freely and Mark has been pleasantly surprised when he has scattered the seed further afield and found cyclamen flowering there a few years later. It is best sown or scattered fresh, though. Gather the ripe seed and spread it at the same time rather than storing it for later.

Moraea polystachya gently seeding its way around

While on bulbs naturalising, I don’t mind the lovely blue Moraea polystachya seeding down in even less hospitable conditions – the cracks in the old concrete. It gently seeds itself through the rockery but not at an alarming rate and it cohabits happily with other plants. Also, the corms are large enough to find easily if I want to move them. It also has the longest flowering season of any of the autumn bulbs because it keeps flowering down the stem. They are iris-like in appearance and if you trace back the family tree, you get to what most of us might call the broader iris family.

Windflowers or Japanese anemones

Also spreading alarmingly are the Japanese anemones which aren’t even from Japan, commonly known as windflowers. I love them and am prepared to wage ongoing war on their spreading ways but they should always come with a warning. Don’t plant them anywhere near treasures of a more refined disposition because they will swamp them. It is best not to plant them near trees and shrubs because they spread below ground and you will have them all through the root systems of other plants all too soon. If you can, define a space and keep them to it which means having a clear area around them so you can see when the roots are popping up growing tips beyond their allotted space.

Japanese anemones

Naturally, I haven’t done this myself – at least not on these clumps which are in the Iolanthe cottage garden/meadow. I know I will regret it but I still have a sentimental fondness for them at this time of the year.

Finally, unrelated in subject matter, but the recent cyclone opened up a view of the sunrise that we can see as we sit companionably over the pre-breakfast cup of tea. It is an ill wind etc

8 thoughts on “Autumn flowering self-seeders

  1. tonytomeo

    Cyclamen hederifolium was one that I had been craving for a while, but now that I found a source for it, I find that it has potential to be invasive! If I grow it, it will be limited to landscape areas at work, and not in my home garden. Otherwise, the only Cyclamen than I see here are the common bedding type, which I used to like as perennials when I was a kid, but have since become expensive but disposable annual color.

    Reply
    1. Abbie Jury Post author

      I guess it depends on how you define ‘invasive’. I can not think that Cyclamen hederafolium ticks any of the invasive boxes we have here.

      Reply
      1. tonytomeo

        It could not be invasive in most parts of California, but happens to have potential to migrate into the riparian areas nearby here. It would migrate more if it did not need to compete with other more aggressive naturalized species, such as montbretia and English ivy. It seems strange to me, since it is not so easy to grow in my drier former neighborhood just a few miles away.

      2. Abbie Jury Post author

        Goodness. It is nowhere even near the league of montbretia and ivy! I would be questioning the credentials of whoever is giving you this advice.

      3. tonytomeo

        Oh no, it is nothing like either montbretia or English ivy; but montbretia and English ivy are some of the only species that are aggressive enough to exclude it. Cyclamen hederifolia migrates below underbrush (like underbrush to the underbrush) so that it is there when we remove the brambles. I still want to move some to landscaped areas where it can be contained, but do not want to leave all of it in the riparian areas. Fortunately, it does not migrate rapidly, and seems to be rather selective about where it goes.

  2. Paddy Tobin

    The Japanese anemones are every bit a nuisance here and almost impossible to eradicate, though I have succeeded in some places. Look out for Cyclamen purpurascens which is a good grower here and flowers late summer for us so coming after C. repandum and before C. hederifolium and has a very long flowering season.

    Reply
    1. Abbie Jury Post author

      We have C. purpurascens here and I agree it is terrific. But slow to build up and we nowhere near getting it naturalised and self maintaining here.

      Reply

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