Tag Archives: garden colours

The garden of many colours

All the colours, bar pure red, in a cold, semi shade border in our park

Most of us garden with many colours. The advent of the strictly controlled and restricted colour palette is a recent phenomenon, though it has gained such supremacy in some circles that it is seen as the height of style.

Over the past weeks, Tony Murrell and I have been discussing garden colour schemes – incrementally – on our Radio Live Home and Garden Show sessions of a Sunday morning. We started with the white garden, progressed to other monochromatic themed gardens, then the bi-colour options  last week. This morning we wrapped up with the multi-coloured garden.

The bottom line is that anybody who has bought an existing garden will almost certainly have a multi coloured affair. And many of those who started off with a very purist and limited approach are likely to have fallen off the wagon and grown some plants which they love but which don’t adhere strictly to the original vision. In the end, it is a lot more interesting to work with a wider range of colours. Nature, after all, is random and does not play by arbitrary rules determined by humans. It is much easier to wield the iron hand of control over static interior design than it is in a dynamic garden.

A beautiful example of cottage garden in Dorset

A colour coordinated meadow planting by Nigel Dunnett at Trentham Gardens

Cottage gardens and meadows have traditionally been a mix of all colours in together. It was interesting to see Nigel Dunnett’s meadow planting at Trentham Gardens near Stoke where he is creating colour-themed meadows in some areas. I follow Pictorial Meadows on social media and I see a lot of their seed mixes are now themed on colour so I guess there is a consumer demand for this. But if you are going to go down the mixed meadow path, there will be interlopers and competitor plants that move in and unless you are actively gardening the area all the time – which rather defeats the rationale of this particular garden genre – the purist colour theming is likely to be disrupted over time.

Predominantly pastel in Jennifer Horner’s garden, Puketarata, near Hawera

If you are nervous about throwing all colours in together, there are a few techniques you can use. The first is to go pastel. When you think about pastels, there are no clashing colours. Done well, you get a lovely soft scene of gentle colours – all very pastelle, if you know what I mean. The opposite is also true. If you want a super-vibrant look, cut out all the pastels and whites.

Lots of white and cream will tone down an otherwise very vibrant planting

Alternatively, you can tone down somewhat with plenty of white and cream flowering plants, as master gardener Keith Wiley has done in this scene. Lots of green foliage will also dilute any colour scheme.

Pure yellow is a very dominant colour in a garden and will immediately draw most people’s eyes to it

A third approach is to cut out either yellow or orange. Cutting one but not both out is a bit like putting a soft filter over a photograph – it tones the whole scene down a few notches. Be cautious of how many bright yellows and acid yellows you use – maybe less than 10% of the plantings is all you need to lift the picture. More and the yellows start to dominate. I am referring to plants like some of the euphorbias, the unabashed bright yellow alstromeria and achillea, even the bold bright yellow rhododendrons like Saffron Queen or the uncompromising yellow azaleas. They all have their place but too many, and that is what your eye will be drawn to no matter what the colour mix is.

Not exactly strictly alternating, but I am sure you know what I mean

Colour all comes down to personal taste in the end. But I would suggest that only novices and newbies plant in alternating colours like a circus tent. This applies to bedding plants and also to more permanent shrubs. Too many people have asked me about planting alternating red and white camellias as a hedge. Best not, in my view, but feel free to disagree.

In his early twenties, Mark spent many hours getting to terms with colour theory by studying the Impressionists. To this day, when we are looking at other people’s gardens and analysing planting schemes, he will pull out the colour theory. If you want to get a better understanding of how colour works, there is a whole lot more in terms of both the juxtaposition and quantity of different colours. I work instinctively but Mark is very good on coming up with what shade or colour will lift a small scene that is lacking visual impact.

Maybe analyse the relative proportions of the colours used in showy plantings

If you come across a garden that really, seriously impresses you with its use of colour, maybe take some time to stand and look and analyse. There will be transferable lessons you can take away from working out the proportions of the colours used. Which colours stand out? What proportion of the total is each colour (roughly – 30% blue or is it closer to 50%?) What is planted adjacent to that colour that makes it so distinctive? Is it a colour on the opposite side of the colour wheel and is it also used just as a highlight or in equal quantities? You have to be quite keen to do this sort of thing but I am assuming that many who read my blog also like the idea of upping their own skills’ level. Developing a better understanding of how colour is being used has increased my appreciation of the large scale plantings Dutch designer, Piet Oudolf, is doing.

Destined to be dominated by pure blues a few weeks later – Keith Wiley’s naturalistic Devon garden

The ultimate skill, in my book, is the ability to change the dominant colour scheme of a garden as the seasons progress. I have only been strongly aware of it in two gardens I have seen. The first was the upper area in Keith Wiley’s “Wildside” in Devon. We looked at it in early to mid-summer when the dominant colours were oranges, yellows and tawny shades with some judicious use of cerise and pink but we could see what was soon going to come into bloom and the whole scene was destined to be dominated by blue a few weeks later. We would have gone back to see but we weren’t in the UK for long enough.

The second example I have mentioned before – Nigel Dunnett’s garden at the Barbican in London. Again, we were looking in early to mid-summer when the dominant colours were soft yellows and tawny apricot shades with a touch or three of purple. You could have knocked me down with a feather when I saw a photo of the same garden in autumn and it was spectacularly white. We are not talking changing bedding plants like they used to at Versailles. These gardens have permanent plantings executed with such skill that the colour schemes change with the seasons. This is a new pinnacle of gardening skill in my book.

Blue sky gardening rather than feeling blue

Weeds maybe, but pretty on summer roadsides - agapanthus

Weeds maybe, but pretty on summer roadsides – agapanthus

There I was, having decided to write about blue flowers this week, when I opened the latest issue of NZ Gardener and Lynda Hallinan had beaten me to it. But that’s all right. She was mainly looking at annuals with just a few perennials and one shrub.

It is the sight of the blue jacaranda in full flower which makes me fall in love with blue blooms all over again. It is the first thing I see out the window every morning and I sit and drink my early morning tea admiring it and reflecting on how much I love the colour.

Where we live, blue is the dominant colour of the roadside flowers in summer. I know agapanthus is a weed and difficult to eradicate but our verges would be the poorer for its absence. Plants have to be tough in that situation and the agapanthus is a showy survivor. Beacons of summer, here.

The simplicity of chicory

The simplicity of chicory

The wild chicory is pretty as a picture with its soft blue daisies. In the garden we grow blue asters with a similar flower but in long grass, the simplicity of the chicory is more fitting.

We are blue hydrangea territory, being acidic in soils. With regular summer rain and mild, humid conditions, the blocks of blue flowered hydrangeas tend to mean we take this plant for granted. Go to more alkaline territory and they turn pink as readers may have noticed in other areas, but they add to our blue palette here. As we fluff around our garden hydrangeas, pruning each year to tidy them up and promote good flowering, it is interesting to reflect that those roadside wildflowers are never touched yet bloom faithfully. As a general rule, if you don’t prune a hydrangea, you get more flowers but they are smaller.

Impressed by the garden performance of the You-Me hydrangea series

Impressed by the garden performance of the You-Me hydrangea series

When it comes to the garden, those big blue moptop hydrangeas (the macrophyllas) are okay as a backdrop but they lack refinement as garden plants. We have been most impressed with the more delicate appearance of the recent introductions from Japan in the You-Me series. We collected several from hydrangea expert Glyn Church a few years ago and have lost the names but they are all quite similar so I’m not sure that any one is better than the others. Look for them branded under the You-Me group and they carry individual names like “Forever” and “Eternity”. If you can’t find them in your local garden centre, then you can get them on line from Woodleigh Nursery. Be warned, however, that they are apparently not colour stable so if your soils are more alkaline, they won’t be the pretty blues we have here. Presumably they will be pretty pinks instead.

What is it about blue? For me, I think it is that the blue as blue skies are such a mood enhancer. It may have something to do with the dreaded holes in the ozone layer (though I hope it has more to do with our isolation and low population) but we have a clarity and intensity of light in this country that most of us take for granted until we travel overseas.

I have commented before on the fact that we treat green as colour neutral in the garden. All those monochromatic garden schemes are in fact bichromatic because they are one colour plus green.

Nigella damascena - a personal favourite

Nigella damascena – a personal favourite

Blue is not colour neutral as such, but it sits happily in any colour combination. So if your garden bed is hot colours of reds, yellows and oranges, blue will sit in that mix quite happily. In you have gone instead for pretty pastel pinks and whites, blue does not shout when included. Of the primary colours, it is the easiest to blend. It can lift a tightly controlled, colour managed garden out of the blandness that sometimes afflicts them, by adding just a little zing.

I don’t understand why “feeling blue” is a reference to feeling sad. In my books, you can never have too much blue in a garden and lifting one’s eyes to the blue sky above is a celebration of life.

First published in the Waikato Times and reprinted here with their permission.